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"Around The World"

 

Around The World Bed & Breakfast

Elegant, comfortable, relaxing, walking distance from one
of the most superb worldwide archaeological sites,
well connected with the Ostia-Rome suburban metro line,
three Km from the seaside town Ostia Lido,
and a few Km from Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
and Rome Trade Fair – Fiera di Roma.
 
 

 

From the Latin word “ostium”, witch means the mouth of Tiber. A town located at 30 km from Rome. An admirable archaeological site which is not second to Pompeii.

Ostia was for long time Rome's only river port. Freight ships arriving here from the Mediterranean Sea unloaded their cargo onto smaller boats that were able to reach Rome through the Tiber.

The inhabitants of Ostia were merchants, ship owners, craftsmen, labourers, freed-men and slaves of different languages and religions. Ostia's cosmopolitan nature can be seen in the sanctuaries, temples and shrines dedicated, to the local gods, as well as to the Eastern ones, mainly Persian, Phrygian and Egyptian.

The excavations of Ostia are quite extensive and more than rival those of Pompeii (http://www.itnw.roma.it/ostia/scavi/). The site boasts numerous marvellous mosaics, many of which are still perfectly preserved, that decorate the pavements, provide us with a goldmine of information on the cities with which Ostia carried on trade, on the goods dealt with and on the guilds working at the port.

The baths, the gymnasium and the theatre are the best sites to visit. The baths were free to all who would use them and their use was encouraged because a premium was set on health. Incredible the system by which the water was brought and heated and the system for sewage disposal.

Outside Ostia’s ruins, right in front of the entry, stands the ancient borough of Ostia, now Ostia Antica, with its castle built by Pope Julius II. Its construction was ordered by Pope Gregory IV and was named Gregoriopolis in his honour. It was only a little village, fortified to prevent the raids by the Saracens.

 

 

Ostia Antica

By Rick Steves

Find the map (30 yards inside the gate) for an orientation.tour_archeo.JPG

1. Necropolis: Ancient Romans buried their dead outside the city walls. In the second and third centuries A.D., the Romans here buried their dead in marble and terracotta sarcophagi in tombs.

2. Porta Romana: Ahead (where the road gets narrow) you enter Ostia's Porta Romana faced Rome.

3. Republican Warehouses (Magazzini Repubblicani): The goods of the port, such as grain from Sicily, Egypt, and all of North Africa, were processed and stored in warehouses here before being consumed by Rome.

4. Baths of Neptune (Terme di Nettuno): Baths of Neptune, including a fine mosaic with Neptune riding four horses through the sea.

5. Square of the Guilds (Piazzale delle Corporazioni): This grand square evolved from a simple place — where businessmen would stroll and powwow together — to become a monumental square lined with more than 60 offices of ship-owners and traders.

6. Theater (Teatro): Up to 4,000 residents could gather here for entertainment. Climb to the top of the theater for a fine view.

7. Mill (Molino): Via dei Molini, several lava millstones that were used to grind grain

8. Via Casa di Diana: a great example of an insula (multi-storied tenement complex, where the lower middle-class lived). Across the street, and down another 30 yards, is an inn called the Insula of the Thermopolium. Belly up to this tavern's bar. You'll see display shelves for food and drinks for sale, a small sink, and scant remains of wall paintings.

9. Forum: Ostia's main square became a monumental Forum in Imperial period. Opposite the Capitolium is the Temple of Roma and Augustus. Its position is powerfully symbolic.

10. Forum Baths (Terme del Foro): Ostia's best and largest baths. Government-subsidized baths were a popular social and business meeting place in any Roman city. From the baths you can look across the street to the 20-hole latrine.

11. Ostia Museum: This small museum offers a delightful look at some of Ostia's finest statuary

12. Archeological Scavenger Hunt:

1. Tarp- and sand-protected mosaic flooring.

2. White cornerstones put into buildings to fend off wild carts and reflect corners in the dark.

3. Fast-food fish joint (on Decumanus Maximus, just beyond the Forum).

4. Hidden bits of fresco (clue: under hot tin roofs).

5. Republican buildings and buildings dating from the Empire.

6. Stucco roughed up for fresco work (before applying the wet plaster of a fresco, the surface needs to be systematically gouged so the plaster can grip the wall).

7. Mill stones for grinding grain (Ostia's big industry).

8. Floor patterns made colorful with sliced columns.

9. A domus (single-family dwellings always faced a fancy central open-air courtyard).

 

Bed and Breakfast "Around the World"

Via Luigi Biondi 15, 00119 Ostia Antica - Roma

 
 
  Veronica  +39 334.3081434  +39 335.7811073
 
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